广东省揭阳市第三中学人教高中英语必修5课件:Unit 3 Life in the Future Learning about Language

发布时间:2021-09-21 00:08:04

Learning about
Language
人教课标 高二 必修 5
Unit 3

? The following verbs can form a phrase by combining some adverbials and prepositions. Think about the phrases we have learned about these words.
? search ? take

search

search for vi. 寻找

in search of prep. 寻找

search

vt. 搜

office apart in it easy take back down notes away aim

吸收,留宿 别着急 取下,记下 就职 拆开 收回
瞄准 拿走
作笔记

out notice of it for granted hold of take steps to do sth. sb. as …, advantage of … a deep breath

抓住 想当然的认为 拿出 注意 利用
采取措施做某事 深呼吸 把某人当作

pride in one’s chance trouble to do sth. take over pity on sb. turns to do sth.

碰运气 怜悯某人 接管 以……为荣 轮流去做某事 不辞劳苦去做某事

? Exercise 2 on page 20. ? Combine a verb from the left box
with a word from the right box. Write down the verb phrases in the blanks. Then use them to complete the sentences. Pay attention to the tense!

search take slide sweep press carry

for up down into

1. search for 寻找 4. press down 按下

2. take up

5. slide into

接受,开始从事, 移动,溜进

选修,占据

6. carry up

3. sweep up

建高,带上

打扫,横扫

1. Where on earth did I put my belt? I am constantly losing it and having to _s_e_a_r_c_h_f_o_r_ it!
2. When we flew in the space capsule we were _c_a_r_r_ie_d__u_p_ into the sky so quickly that I didn’t even have time to fasten my safety belt.

加速
3. When we wanted the hovering carriage to speed up, we _p_r_e_s_s_ed__d_o_w__n_ hard on the driving pedal and bent over in the direction we wanted to go.
4. After having your dinner, you must _s_w_e_e_p_u__p_ all the rubbish on the floor. Let the next group of people have pleasant surroundings to eat in.

5. After he won the competition, Li Qiang _t_o_o_k_u_p_ his prize and went on a time tour with his friend and guide Wang Ping.
6. The steward opened the door of the spaceship and Li Qiang __sl_i_d_ sideways _i_n_t_o_ his seat. slide, slid, slid

Exercise 3 on page 20.
Complete this advertisement choosing words or phrase in their proper forms.
take up constant tolerate previous lose sight of link adjustment stewardess opportunity bend
Check if you know all of them on your own.

Many people need to be reminded of the job _o_p_p_o_r_t_u_n_it_i_es_ in space stations, which _co_n__st_a_n_t_ly_ need space cooks, cleaners, teachers, stewards and _s_te_w__a_rd__es_s_e_s_. You can be swiftly trained for your new job from using _p_r_e_v_io_u_s_ skills. At first people may find the _a_d_j_u_s_tm__e_n_t_ to space life difficult to _to_l_e_r_a_te_. However, they

will be able to overcome the difficulties if their families encourage them to _t_a_k_e_u_p__ the job. That is why we persuade families not to _l_o_se__si_g_h_t_o_f__ the advantages that come from a period of time in space. For health reasons only one stay of three years is allowed. People often want to stay

longer, but the _li_n_k__ between illness and length of stay is strong. It is said, but the rules cannot be _b_e_n_t_ for anyone.

? Can you find the following sentence in the reading passage? Worried about the journey, I was unsettled for the first few days.
? In this sentence the past participle is used as the adverbial. It is a way of joining two clauses together: As I was worried about the journey, I was unsettled for the first few days.

Please pick out three more sentences from the reading passage with past participles used as the adverbial.
1. Well-known for their expertise, his parent’s company, called “Future Tours”, transported me safely into the future in a time capsule.

2. Hit by the lack of fresh air, my head ached.
3. Exhausted, I slid into bed and fell fast asleep. 独立思考并归纳:过去分词作状语时 如何应用?有什么特点?

Now combine these two sentences using the past participle as the adverbial. 1. I was frightened by the loud noise. I went to see what was happening. Frightened by the loud noise, I went to see what was happening.

2. He was hit by the lack of fresh air. He got a bad headache. Hit by the lack of fresh air, he got a bad headache.
3. I felt very tired after the long journey. I still enjoyed meeting the aliens on the space station. Tired after the long journey, I still enjoyed meeting the aliens on the space station.

4. Sue was frightened by the noise outside. Sue dared not sleep in her bedroom. Frightened by the noise outside, Sue dared not sleep in her bedroom.
5. The museum was built in 1910. The museum is almost 100 years old. Built in 1910, the museum is almost 100 years old.

6. The student was given some advice by the famous scientist. The students was not worried about his scientific experiment any more. Given some advice by the famous scientist, the student was not worried about his scientific experiment any more.

7. George was exhausted after a day’s work. He took some tablets to help him feel better. Exhausted by a day’s work, George took some tablets to help him feel better.

8. Lucy was very astonished at the amount of work in the new timetable. She decided to leave her job immediately. Very astonished by the amount of work in the new timetable (given by her boss), Lucy decided to leave her job immediately.

Now combine these two sentences using the past participle as the attribute. 1. Soon we lost sight of that famous astronomer. He is called Li Qiang. Soon we lost sight of that famous astronomer called Li Qiang.

2. I am going to buy a painting. It is copied from Vincent van Gogh.
I am going to buy a painting copied from Vincent van Gogh.
3. I like that old private house. It is built of wood and mud.
I like that old private house built of wood and mud.

4. The room is completely empty. The room is connected to the rest of the house by a long passage. The room connected to the rest of the house is completely empty.
5. The queen was sitting in a royal carriage. The carriage was drawn by four horses. The queen was sitting in a royal carriage drawn by four horses.

6. The vehicle is mentioned in the book. The vehicle is unknown to me. The vehicle mentioned in the book is unknown to me.
7. The castle is under repair. It was built in 1432. The castle built in 1432 is under repair.

Practice the structures

1. ________ in 1636, Harvard is one of the

most famous universities in the United

States.

A. Being founded

B. It was founded

C. Founded

D. Founding

2. ________ time, he’ll make a first-class

tennis player.

A. Having given

B. To give

C. Giving

D. Given

3. Unless ________ to speak, you should

remain silent at the conference.

A. invited

B. inviting

C. being invited

D. having invited

4. Generally speaking, _______ according to

the directions, the drug has no side effect.

A when taking

B when taken

C when to take

D when to be taken

5. The Olympic Games, _______ in 776 B.C., did not include women players until 1912. A. first playing B. to be first played C. first played D. to be first playing

Translate these sentences into English. 1. 这包书的费用是250元,其中含邮资和包装
费。请写下收件人的地址,别忘了邮编。 (postage; postcode) This parcel of books is 250 yuan including postage and packing. Please write down the receiver’s address and don’t forget the postcode.

2. 数十年前,人们还用打字机打出正式文 件,但现在我们可以用电脑和打印机做同 样的工作。(typewriter; formal document) Decades ago, people used typewriters for formal documents, but now we use computers and printers to do the same work.

3. 尽管速溶咖啡能够放置很长一段时间, 但是如果不能保持干燥的话很快就会坏 掉。(have a long shelf life; instant coffee; go solid) Although it has a long shelf life, instant coffee may go solid if it is not kept dry.

4. 千年之后地球上的居民可能可以用生态 系统来处理垃圾。(citizen; dispose of; ecological) One thousand years in the future, citizens of the earth may be able to dispose of their rubbish using an ecological system.

5. 这条蛇是如此的贪婪,一口就吞掉了 那只老鼠。(greedy; swallow up) The snake was so greedy that it swallowed up the rat in one bite.

6. 与人打交道是商务人员工作的一个 重要部分。(aspect) Dealing with people is one important aspect of a businessman’s work.

7. 当我们穿过田野回到家时,靴子上沾满 了泥。(greedy; swallow up) When we came home from our walk across the fields, we had mud all over our boots.

8. 在医院里呆了六天后,他终于恢复状态 并且开始工作。(be back on one’s feet) After six weeks in hospital, he was back on his feet and ready to start work.

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